Nitro Shock Absorbers-Working Principle 

A shock absorber is basically a hydraulic damping mechanism for controlling spring vibrations. It controls spring movements in both directions: when the spring is compressed and when it is extended, the amount of resistance needed in each direction is determined by the type of vehicle, the type of suspension, the location of the shock absorber in the suspension system and the position in which it is mounted. Shock absorbers are a critical product that determines an automobile’s character not only by improving ride quality but also by functioning to control the attitude and stability of the automobile body.

For a smooth and comfortable ride the disturbing forces should be eliminated or reduced
considerably by using some devices. Shock absorbers are such devices which isolate the
vibrations by absorbing some disturbing energy themselves. Of the many types telescopic
shocks are widely used which has got the draw back that the flow of oil in the cylinder
can cause foam of oil and air to form. These limit the optimum throughout of the flow in
the valves. Gas shocks represent an advance over traditional shocks. Nitrogen filled gas
shock absorbers are the results of years of extensive research and development with top
flight shock design engineers. They are designed for both lowered and stock vehicles to
provide shock absorbers that would out perform anything on the market today. Nitro
shock absorbers are high quality, nitrogen filled shocks designed and gas charged
specifically for each vehicle application. The addition of nitrogen under pressure limits
the foaming effect and increases efficiency.

PRINCIPLE OF OPERATION

The damping mechanism of a shock absorber is viscous damping. Viscosity is the
property of a fluid by virtue of which it offers resistance to the motion of one layer over
the adjacent on. The main components of a viscous damper are cylinder, piston and
viscous fluid. There is a clearance between the cylinder walls and the piston. More the
clearance more will be the velocity of the piston in the viscous fluid and it will offer less
value of viscous damping coefficient. The basic system is shown below. The damping
force is opposite to the direction of velocity.

SHOCK ABSORBER ACTION

Shock absorbers develop control or resistance by forcing fluid through restricted passages. A cross-sectional view of a typical shock absorber is shown below. Its main components and working is also given below.

Nitro Shock Absorber Working
Nitro Shock Absorber Working 

The upper mounting is attached to a piston rod. The piston rod is attached to a
piston and rebound valve assembly. A rebound chamber is located above the piston and a
compression chamber below the piston. These chambers are full of hydraulic fluid. A
compression intake valve is positioned in the bottom of the cylinder and connected
hydraulically to a reserve chamber also full of hydraulic fluid. The lower mounting is
attached to the cylinder tube in which the piston operates.
During compression, the movement of the shock absorber causes the piston to move
downward with respect to the cylinder tube, transferring fluid from the compression
chamber to the rebound chamber. This is accomplished by fluid moving through the outer
piston hole and unseating the piston intake valve.

During rebound, the pressure in the compression chamber falls below that of the
reserve chamber. As a result, the compression valve will unseat and allow fluid to flow
from the reserve chamber into the compression chamber. At the same time, fluid in the
rebound chamber will be transferred into the compression chamber through the inner
piston holes and the rebound valve.

WHY GAS FILLED SHOCK ABSORBERS? 

The rapid movement of the fluid between the chambers during the rebound and
compression strokes can cause foaming of the fluid. Foaming is the mixing of free air and
the shock fluid. When foaming occurs, the shock develops a lag because the piston is
moving through an air pocket that offers up resistance. The foaming results in a decrease
of the damping forces and a loss of spring control.
During the movement of the piston rod, the fluid id forced through the valuing of
the piston. When the piston rod is moving quickly, the shock absorbers oil cannot get
through the valuing fast enough, which causes pressure increases in front of the piston
and pressure decreases behind the piston. The result is foaming and a loss of shock
absorber control. The need for a gas filled shock absorber arises here.

TYPES OF GAS FILLED SHOCK ABSORBERS

  1. Twin– tube with low pressure gas.
  2. Single- tube with high pressure gas.

The main components are:

  1. Outer tube, also called reservoir tube.
  2. Inner tube, also called cylinder 
  3. Piston connected to a piston rod 
  4. Bottom valve, also called foot valve 
  5. Upper and lower attachment

ADVANTAGES OF NITRO SHOCKS

Instantaneous response :
  •  Because the high pressure eliminates aeration (foaming), action is always is immediate.
  • The low mass of gas and the single tube further improves response time.
Better fade resistance :
  • Since there is no outer tube, cooling is much better which gives a drastic reduction in fade. Thus more consistent handling and control.
 Better durability :
  • Single-tube construction also allows for a larger internal working area, reducing stress and fatigue for better durability.
  • De Carbon’s mono disc valving system features a single moving part that drastically reduces inertia and friction, to improve durability and performance. 
  • Better cooling of the mono tube design results in lower operating temperatures and thus longer life.
No need for re-adjustment:
  • The viscosity of hydraulic fluid changes as temperature changes. This may because of climate, season (summer/winter) or heavy duty (motorway cruising).
  • The high pressure gas compensates immediately and automatically for changes in viscosity.
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